I. Development view
1. Develop the trading sector of Lam Dong Province comprehensively and coherently with the local potential, making good use of the province's competitive advantages and protecting the environment for sustainable development; make trade an impetus for the development of the manufacture and services sectors, contributing to changing the local economic structure and labour division and fulfill the province's socio-economic development targets; develop trade in conjunction with the socio-economic development master plans of the province and the country.
2. Develop the local trade on the basis of linking Lam Dong market with the key economic zones of the South, the South East and the Central Highland regions to facilitate the flow of goods and promote consumption; strengthen regional and global integration and improve the competitiveness of Lam Dong enterprises and key products.
3. Diversify possession modes among trading enterprises; focus on developing SMEs and trading households; develop wholesale and retail trading; create more jobs and stabilize the lives of people in disadvantaged areas; protect the ecological environment and maintain political security and social order.
4. Upgrade the technical infrastructure for trading, focusing on the urban market and supporting the development of rural and remote areas.
5. Prioritize the development of trade capacity and relationships in key markets nationwide; implement policies for supporting goods consumption in remote areas; enhance marketing products and trademarks; combine the promotion of export with tourism.
II. Development goals
Speed up the trade growth rate by making good use of the local advantages and potentials in coordination with meeting the domestic and international demands; promote trade relations between Lam Dong and other localities; develop modern trade in which the benefits of consumers and small businesses are ensured in the global integration.
- The annual average GDP growth rate of the trading sector is 19-19.5% in the period of 2011-2015 and 19.5-20% in the period 2016-2020.
- The annual average export turnover growth rate is 25-26% in the period of 2011-2015 and 20-25% in the period 2016-2020.
- The annual average growth rate of the retail and consumption services turnover is 21.5-22.5% in the period of 2011-2015 and 20-21% in the period 2016-2020. The rate of goods flow through modern trading modes is 15-20% by 2015 and 25-30% by 2020.
III. Lam Dong Province trade development to 2020
1. Foster goods consumption in the domestic market
- Develop goods consumption markets to major localities nationwide, focusing on Ho Chi Minh City and the southern key economic zone.
- Gradually establish the IT infrastructure and encourage local enterprises to apply e-commerce.
- Plan the trade - service development zones; implement a complete circle of trading from collecting, classifying, processing, preserving to transporting to the main markets.
- Encourage and assist local enterprises to seek trading and investment opportunities in main markets.
- Strengthen trade promotion activities and support the enterprises to market their products in major markets.
2. Export and import
- Seek export opportunities through import.
- Import environment friendly technology; combine importing machines and equipment with installation and technology transfer.
- Develop the provincial key exports, including coffee, cashew, processed tea, processed wood, vegetables, flowers, fish, wine, minerals and handicrafts.
- Maintain and develop the current markets; develop markets for new and high value-added products during 2011-2020; develop relationships with intermediate markets to seek export opportunities.
- Develop export by linking direct export with export through major exporters and gradually transferring to direct export; develop on-site export through developing tourism; prepare good conditions for exporting, especially flowers and agricultural and forestry products by airway; develop e-commerce with foreign partners.
3. Develop trading to supply goods for production and consumption
- Machines and equipment: encourage and support local enterprises to trade with major domestic and international partners, especially in Ho Chi Minh City.
- Materials and fuel: encourage the development of fuel suppliers for big processors and establish concentrated material trading groups in the province.
- Encourage enterprises in and outside the province, including foreign invested enterprises to develop goods wholesale and retail distribution channels.
- Establish concentrated trading centers and facilitate enterprises to invest in technical infrastructure to apply a complete trading circle.
- Diversify traditional and modern trading modes, gradually changing to modern retail trading in Da Lat, Bao Loc and other townships.
- Promote goods supply for remote areas: encourage enterprises to select experienced trading households to form trading networks in communes; support households to open shops with post-paid loans; establish goods supply centers for retailers in remote areas.
- Develop tourism services: develop trading of products for tourists; encourage restaurants and hotels to offer dishes with local specialties and provide cooking techniques to tourists; encourage handicrafts enterprises to develop products meeting the customers' demand.
4. Orientation for developing economic strata in the province
- Focus on developing major distributors who have diverse modes of operation and who can link and promote distribution channels.
- Develop distribution businesses of all economic sectors, combining the development of major and smaller distributors.
5. Trade support capacity building
- Build the market information provision system domestically and internationally.
- Support enterprises to develop relationships with Vietnamese chambers of commerce in foreign countries to provide market information, assist them in contract signing and negotiation and conflict resolutions.
- Develop trade promotion with the participation of many stakeholders, comprehensively and aiming at target and main markets.
- Improve the roles of handicraft villages and other social and professional organizations in supporting the enterprises to increase their competitiveness and expand their markets.
IV. Orientation for trade planning by 2020
1. Wholesale planning
- Bao Loc City – a center for production and processing of agricultural, forestry and sea products with large quantity for domestic markets and export.
- Da Lat City – the main distributor of high-class flowers and vegetables and consumption goods for tourism and services.
- Duc Trong Didtrict - the main distributor of agricultural products and other goods
- District townships and IZs: establish traditional and modern wholesale and retail areas.
Wholesale facilities development
- Class I traditional wholesale markets and main agricultural product markets in district and township centers.
- Centers for materials distribution and consumption goods distribution with the participation of wholesalers and retailers in major urban areas in the province.
- Storing houses are developed in coffee production areas to provide preservation services.
- General warehouses and cash and carry distributors in major urban areas.
2. Retail planning
- Develop shops and kiosts: facilitate households to participate in retailing market in rural and urban areas; develop professional retailing chains for shops and kiosts in advantageous areas.
- Limit the building of new traditional retailing markets in Da Lat and Bao Loc; improve the existing markets in the city ands township centers; gradually transfer small market (less than 2,000m2) into class III supermarkets, food stores and convenient stores.
Markets in rural and mountainous areas: improve rural markets, develop markets in commune centers, develop festival markets for tourism development.
- Modern retailing: develop various modern retailing modes, including supermarkets, trade centers, convenient stores, specialized stores and small and medium-size shopping centers; encourage retailers to develop quickly convenient and food stores by improving the existing traditional retail shops in new urban areas; develop modern large scale retailing facilities in Da Lat and Bao Loc.
3. Planning for development of petrol trading network
- Focus on developing petrol stations at major bus stops and stations.
- Facilitate various economic sectors to participate in petrol trading to develop petrol trading networks in compliance with regulations.
- Encourage the development of facilities for petrol trading and customers’ services.
V. Trading facilities planning in districts and cities in the period 2011-2020
- Da Lat City and Lac Duong, Duc Trong, Don Duong and Lam Ha districts: develop a trading system to serve the demand of the local people and tourists; promote the consumption of special products and improve the trading culture.
- Bao Loc City and Bao Lam and Di Linh districts: develop a trading system to serve the consumption of agricultural products and minerals, focusing on wholesale trading.
- Da Huoai, Da Teh, Cat Tien and Dam Rong districts: develop a trading system to serve the local people’s demand.
2. Planning of Da Lat City
General orientation: develop trading in diversity in terms of scales, levels and forms to make Da Lat a trading center of the province and maximize support for tourism development. Trading facilities planning is as follows:
- Clear 2 markets, move 2 markets, improve and upgrade 11 markets and build 6 markets; by 2015 Da Lat will have 21 markets, including 2 class II markets, 18 class III markets and 01 main agricultural products market.
- Build a general industrial and consumption goods trading center and a production materials wholesale center in the suburb of Da Lat with the area of 3-5ha/center.
- Build 2 trade centers: improve the Da Lat market into the Trade Center and the Anh Sang Ward Trade Center (class I and class II); 01 Trade Representative Center and some class III supermarkets (in Phan Dinh Phung, Phan Chu Trinh and Hung Vuong Streets); build a new convenient store network in wards; upgrade some markets into shopping centers; build the Da Lat Flowers Transaction Center.
- Establish trade and services areas, focusing on trading services, souvenirs and tourism products; develop an international tourist street in Tang Bat Ho street.
- Organize consumption goods fairs in the city square.
- Organize some streets trading specialized products and increase the number of walking streets around the Da Lat Market.
- Upgrade the existing petrol stations into general shops for trading petrol, gas, LPD and providing motorbike and automobile repairing and washing services; clear petrol stations that violate traffic safety regulations; build more petrol stations in new residential areas.
3. Planning of Bao Loc City
General orientation: develop quickly wholesale and export-import facilities to serve the processing industry and export; develop the retailing facilities to meet the consumption demand and urbanization. Trading facilities planning is as follows:
- Upgrade and improve old markets and transfer into shopping centers or class III supermarkets; build a main market for agricultural products; by 2015 Bao Loc will have 10 markets, including 1 class I market, 2 class II markets, 5 class III markets and 01 main agricultural products market and storing house.
- Build one trade center (B’Lao Xanh – Loc Son Ward), 2 shopping centers ans some class II and III supermarkets.
- Develop some markets into general trading and services centers in residential areas.
- Build one general industrial and consumption products trading center, one production material trading center and a logistics center with an area of 3-5ha/center near the route to Ho Chi Minh City or the Giau Day – Da Lat Highway.
- Build an exhibition and trade fair in a minimum area of 100,000m2.
- Build souvenirs and night food streets around Bao Loc shopping center.
- By 2015, there will be 36 petrol stations in the city.
4. Planning of Duc Trong District
Develop three centers along the national route no. 20, Dai Ninh Township (if Da Lat City is expanded to Lien Nghia Township or Lien Nghia becomes a township, then Dai Ninh will become the center of Duc Trong District), and Lien Nghia Township; develop trading facilities to meet the development potential of these three centers. Trading facilities planning by 2020 as follows:
- Speed up the construction of the main agricultural products market. By 2015, Duc Trong will have 14 markets, including 1 main agricultural products market, 1 class I market, 2 class II markets, 10 class III markets.
- Build or upgrade traditional markets into shopping centers in Lien Nghia and Dai Ninh Townships; build some supermarkets in Lien Nghia, Dai Ninh and urban areas in Phu Hoi and Tan Phu IZs.
- Establish a trade and service center in Lien Nghia, Dai Ninh and some ward centers.
- Build a consumption goods wholesale center near the Lien Nghia main agricultural products market.
- Develop 9 more petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 44 petrol stations.
5. Planning of Don Duong District
Develop trading facilities for production and consumption in the district, linking trading of the district with Da Lat City and other districts.
- Build 6 markets (increase the number of markets to 12), including 1 class I market, 2 class II markets, 9 class III markets.
- Build a shopping center and some class III supermarkets (in My Thanh and Dran townships).
- Establish trading and services centers in My Thanh and Dran townships.
- Develop 7 more petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 24 petrol stations.
6. Planning of Lam Ha District
Develop trading facilities for agricultural production, processing and export to attract buyers from Da Lat City.
- Build 9 markets, increase the number of markets in the district by 2020 to 14, including 2 class I market, 1 class II markets, 11 class III markets and a storing house.
- Build 3 shopping center and some class III supermarkets in Dinh Van, Nam Ban and Tan Ha.
- Building agricultural products storing houses.
- Develop 5 more petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 31 petrol stations.
7. Planning of Lac Duong District
Develop trading facilities to meet the local demand, make good use of the development influence from Da Lat City and support tourism development; gradually develop into a trading gateway between Lam Dong and Khanh Hoa Province and Central Southern provinces.
- Build markets, increase the number of markets in the district by 2020 to 5, including 1 class II market and 4 class III markets.
- Build some class III supermarkets in tourist sites.
- Establish trading and services centers in township center.
- Develop 11 more petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 15 petrol stations.
8. Planning of Dam Rong District
Develop traditional retail trading facilities with small scale, including:
- Build markets, increase the number of markets in the district by 2020 to 4, including 1 class II market and 3 class III markets.
- Establish trading and services centers in township center.
- Develop 6 new petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 9 petrol stations.
9. Planning of Di Linh District
Develop trading facilities to meet the local demand and support the export and import of agricultural products; gradually develop into a trading gateway between Lam Dong and Ho Chi Minh City and Phan Thiet and Central Highland Provinces.
- By 2020 the district will have 18 markets, including 1 class I market and 17 class III markets and a storing house.
- Establish 2 shopping centers in Residential Group 10 Di Linh Township and Group 8 Gia Hiep Commune and some supermarkets in Di Linh Township, and Hoa Ninh and Gia Hiep Wards..
- Develop 12 new petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 42 petrol stations.
10. Planning of Bao Lam District
Develop trading facilities to meet the local demand, especially industrial workers.
- Upgrade the market in Loc Thang center. By 2020 the district will have 11 markets, including 2 class II markets and 9 class III markets and a storing house.
- Establish some shopping centers and supermarkets in Loc Thang Township and near the bauxite and aluminium IZs.
- Develop trading and services centers in Loc Thang Township and Ward centers.
- Develop 10 new petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 24 petrol stations.
11. Planning of Da Huoai District
Develop trading facilities to meet the local demand for production and consumption and support tourism development.
- By 2020 the district will have 6 markets, including 2 class II markets and 4 class III markets.
- From 2016 to 2020, establish 2 shopping centers and some class III supermarkets in Da M’Ri and Madaguoi Townships.
- Develop 7 new petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 14 petrol stations.
12. Planning of Da Teh District
Develop trading facilities to suit agricultural production and traditional retailing and to support eco-tourism development.
- Upgrade 3 old markets and build 2 new markets. By 2020 the district will have 5 markets, including 1 class II markets and 4 class III markets.
- Build some shopping centers and class III supermarkets in the township.
- Develop 9 new petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 12 petrol stations.
13. Planning of Cat Tien District
Develop trading facilities to suit the local socio-economic and transport development plan in the period 2011 - 2020.
- Build 5 new markets. By 2020 the district will have 10 markets, including 1 class II markets and 9 class III markets.
- Build one shopping center in the township.
- Develop 9 new petrol stations; by 2020 the district will have 12 petrol stations.
VI. Financial demand for trade development
Total financial demand for trade development in the province is as follows:
- Investment in trading facilities;
- Investment in equipment and facilities for transporting goods;
- Investment in human resources development and trading labor.
To meet the targets, the estimated budget needed is as follows:
+ From 2011-2015: 6,529bil VND, averagely 1,306bil VND/year
+ From 2016-2020: 16,398bil VND, averagely 3,280bil VND/year
- Lists of priority projects (Appendix).
VII. Main measures and policies
1. Product development support
- Establish a Fund to support enterprises to develop their products, focusing on planting trees with high value and agricultural, forestry and sea products processing.
- Support enterprises, especially export enterprises to apply ISO in production, trading and environmental standard compliance.
- Promote international cooperation to seek new technology and agricultural products production and processing projects.
- Develop trade relations with main distributors in Ho Chi Minh city.
- Encourage the local enterprises to seek partners domestically and internationally to develop production in the form of trade entrust, product design, purchasing of intellectual property rights, and technological consultancy and transfer.
2. Promotion of consumption of agricultural products
- Carry out planning of agricultural product production and reconstruct enterprises in agricultural product processing, preserving and trading.
- Support trading facilities, including building agricultural product main markets and storing houses and promoting agricultural product trading cooperation domestically and internationally.
- Encourage the local enterprises to sign contracts with agricultural producers to consume products; facilitate farmers to use the land use rights to enter joint ventures with processing and exporting enterprises as stipulated by law.
- Local enterprises who sign consumption contracts to export agricultural products can borrow loans from the Export Support Fund as being regulated at Decision No. 133/2011/QD-TTg dated 10 September 2011 of the Prime Minister on the issuance of the Export Support Credit Regulations.
- Carry out measures to promote agricultural production and consumption through contracts.
- Improve the quality and reduce the time of public administrative procedures in government bodies; assist enterprises with market information and forecast.
3. Export support
- Support to improve the production capacity of industrial processing products for export through the rearrangement of enterprises and professions; improve the possibility of capital access and financial and credit support.
- Financial support for enterprises to do market surveys and research and seek for partners for export of agricultural products.
- Financial support for enterprises which invest in human resources and recycling production chains to improve the value of exports.
4. Trade development to support tourism development
- Build trademarks for the province’s products to boost production and promote tourism.
- Organize promotion campaigns annually to attract tourists, especially in low seasons.
- Select locally specialized handicraft and agricultural production sites to develop into tourist sites.
5. Trade development in remote and mountainous areas
- In crowded areas with developed transport facilities, the province will invest in building trading facilities from the government budget.
- In less populated areas with disadvantageous transport conditions, the province will select some enterprises to produce goods for local use and encourage individuals and organizations to develop trade in these areas.
- Make good use of the climate and landscape advantages to develop tourism and establish tourism routes linking to Da Lat.
6. Strengthen State management in trade development: protect the consumers’ rights, manage goods and services, markets and trade planning, ensure food safety, prevent trade fraud, improve administrative reforms and enhance the trade management capacity in the province.
7. Human resources development
- Support enterprises in training their staff to meet the trade development demand and international integration.
- Encourage and facilitate trade managers to learn experience domestically and internationally.
- Focus on vocational training to have good technicians and workers who can master modern production technology and techniques.
- Mobilize domestic and international capital sources for human resources development for enterprises; increase training in e-commerce.
8. Science and technology policies
- Use the annual budget to assist enterprises to apply useful technological measures and modern trade solutions.
- Establish a paying network using e-cards in Da Lat and Bao Loc to facilitate transaction.
9. Investment capital policies
- Call for investment in trade from other sources through BOT, BTO, BT and ODA.
- Encourage big enterprises and co-ops to develop supermarkets, trade centers, main markets and class I market; mobilize capital from co-ops, SMEs and households to develop markets.
- Carry out preferential policies to attract FDI in developing supermarkets, trade centers and logistics centers.
- Use the central government budget to assist projects in disadvantaged areas and important projects that are out of the province’s financial capacity. Market development projects follow regulations of Decree 114/2009/ND-CP dated 23/12/2009 of the Government regarding the amendment and supplement of some regulations of Decree 02/2003/ND-CP dated 14/01/2003 of the Government regarding market development and management.
- Credit policies: facilitate trade enterprises to access financial sources equally; encourage cooperation between investors and credit organizations.
10. Policies to attract investment in trading facilities
- Expand the list of trading facilities that are given investment priority policies according to Decree 114/2009/ND-CP dated 23/12/2009 of the Government; apply Decree 29/2008/ND-CP dated 14/3/2008 of the Government to encourage investment in IZs, processing zones and economic zones; apply Decree 108/2009/ND-CP dated 27/11/2009 of the Government regarding investment in the forms of BOT, BTO and BT to grant priority to investors of trading facilities in the province.
- Land policies: Use land for trading facilities; support in site clearance and resettlement to create favourable conditions for investors; publicize lan leasing price.
- Tax policies: apply the highest tax priority policies for market projects in disadvantaged areas and for importing equipment for trade infrastructure development projects.
- Provide timely and enough information for investors during their project development process; reduce time in project procedure processing to speed up construction.